Ethics and Policies
For Authors
For Editors
For Reviewers
Peer Review Process
For Authors

Author Instruction- 

Prepare Manuscript for IJAHSS

Authors of all types of articles should follow the general instructions given below. Please see IJAHSS Manuscript Types and Instructions for word counts and detailed instructions. The following general instructions are in accordance with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).


General Formatting

To minimize the time required for the submission and peer-reviewing process, authors should submit your manuscript in ordered documents as Cover Letter (optional), Title Page, Abstract, Text, References, Figure Legends, Tables, Figures (Illustrations), Supplementary Materials. All text, references, figure legends, and tables should be in one double-spaced electronic document. It is permissible to insert low-resolution figures in the text file for evaluation and peer review, although we may ask for high-resolution files at a later stage.


Cover Letter (optional)

The letter should provide key information about the question your research answers, the major results and overall findings, the novelty and importance of your findings and should state that all authors have approved of the submission and the manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal concurrently.


Manuscript Components

Include a title page, abstract, text, references, and as appropriate, figure legends, tables, and figures. Start each of these sections on a new page, numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page. Please see IJAHSS Manuscript Types and Instructions for word counts and detailed instructions of the abstract and full text.


Title Page

Please include a title page with your submission that includes the title of the manuscript, each author's name, affiliation/institution, and contact information (postal/mail address, email address, telephone number, ORCID number), the corresponding author, sources of support, word count, the number of tables and figures. IJAHSS follows the ICMJE guidelines for authorship and contributorship.



Individuals who have contributed to the work and the manuscript, but do not satisfy the authorship criteria could be listed in the acknowledgements section. Authors should seek permission to include any individuals mentioned in the acknowledgements.


Declaration of Interests

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of financial conflicts include paid employment or consultancy, stock ownership, patent applications, personal relationships with relevant individuals, and membership of an advisory board. If there are no conflicts of interest, authors should state that.



Authors are responsible for checking the accuracy of all reference citations; references should be verified using either an electronic bibliographic source, such as PubMed, or print copies from original sources, to minimize citation errors.


References should be numbered consecutively as they are cited in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.

The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used for MEDLINE. List all authors when there are six or fewer; when there are seven or more, list the first six, followed by et al. The following are sample references:


  1. Gottlieb DJ, Punjabi NM, Mehra R, Patel SR, Quan SF, Babineau DC, et al. CPAP versus oxygen in obstructive sleep apnea. N Engl J Med 2014;370:2276-85.


  1. Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, eds. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill,2002:93-113.


  1. World Health Organization. Experts advise WHO on pandemic vaccine policies and strategies. Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 briefing note 14. (Accessed December 16, 2009, at


References should follow the standards summarized in the NLM's ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals.



Double-space tables (including any footnotes) and provide a title for each. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text. Titles in tables should be short but self-explanatory, containing information that allows readers to understand the table's content without having to go back to the text. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading.


Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use symbols (alphabet letter or such symbols as *, †, ‡, §) to explain information if needed. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean.


If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.


Figures (Illustrations)

Digital images of manuscript figures (illustrations) should be submitted in a suitable format for print publication. Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, and submitted as photographic-quality digital prints.


Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce it.


In the manuscript, legends for figures (illustrations) should be on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the figures (illustrations). When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend.


Units of Measurement

Authors should express all measurements in conventional units, with International System of Units (SI) given in parentheses throughout the text. Figures and tables should use conventional units, with conversion factors given in legends or footnotes.


Abbreviations and Symbols

Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.


Submission Instructions-

IJAHSS Manuscript Types and Instructions

IJAHSS publishes a range of article types that encompass all aspects of perioperative, critical care, and pain medicine: Original Articles, Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, Clinical Cases, Review Articles, Perspectives, Editorials, Correspondence.


Full information for authors is published as IJAHSS: Manuscript Types and Instructions, and following.


IJAHSS Manuscript Types and Instructions

International Journal Of Arts, Humanities And Social Studies (IJAHSS) publishes articles related to research in and the practice of perioperative, critical care, and pain medicine, and presents the information in an understandable and practically useful format.


Exceptions to these instructions are noted below, the peer-review and editorial process is applied to all manuscripts. Both clinical and basic articles will also be subject to statistical review, when appropriate.


Original Research Article

Original Research Articles are scientific reports of the results of original clinical trials or laboratory research, which focus on all fields of perioperative, critical care, and pain medicine. Priority for publication is given to those manuscripts with original and novel findings, particularly related to the clinical care and outcome of patients.

The manuscript should include the structured abstract (structured into the following subheadings: Background, Methods, Results and Conclusions) and all tables, figures, and appendices that are essential to reporting the study design and findings. The text is limited to 3500 words, with an abstract of no more than 400 words, an Introduction (up to 500 words), Methods, Results, and Discussion, a maximum of 8 tables and figures (total), and up to 50 references.


Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

A systematic review or meta- analysis is a review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.

A systematic review or meta- analysis often produces new knowledge, which should be written and submitted as an Original Article with structured abstract, not as a Review Article. Authors preparing systematic reviews and metaanalyses for submission to IJAHSS should follow the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Metaanalyses) checklist and must include a PRISMA flow diagram as figure 1 in the manuscript.


Review Article

Review Articles are usually solicited by the editors, but we also consider unsolicited manuscripts for publication. Review Articles provide comprehensive, scholarly overviews of important subjects which may be clinical or investigational science in the area of perioperative, critical care, and pain medicine, with the principal (but not exclusive) focus on developments in recent 5 years.

All review articles undergo the same peer-review and editorial process as original research Articles. The text is limited to 5000 words, with a structured abstract (structured into the following subheadings: Aim of review, Method, Recent findings and Summary) of no more than 400 words, a maximum of 8 tables and figures (total), and up to 100 references.


Study Protocol

IJAHSS supports data sharing proposed by the New England Journal of Medicine and the ICMJE, and IJAHSS has an idea that publishing clinical trial protocols is an important part of data sharing, and can help toward the goal of making data sharing a reality.

IJAHSS Study Protocol articles can be for proposed or ongoing prospective clinical trial with trial registration number, and should describe comprehensive information about the backgrounds or hypothesis, rationale and methodology of the study. Protocols of randomized trials should include the SPIRIT flow diagram in the manuscript.


All IJAHSS Study Protocol articles undergo the same peer-review and editorial process as Original Research Articles. The text is limited to 6000 words, with a structured abstract (structured into the following subheadings: Background, Methods and Design, Discussions and Trial Registration) of no more than 500 words, a maximum of 10 tables and figures (total), and up to 50 references.



Editorials usually provide commentary and analysis concerning an article appearing in the same issue of the journal or on changes in journal activities or policies. They may include 1 figure and 1 table. They are nearly always solicited, although unsolicited editorials may occasionally be considered. Editorials are limited to 2000 words, with up to 20 references. Final acceptance of any Editorial, even an invited Editorial, is at the discretion of the Editorial Board.



Opinion articles are intended to offer expert insights into a wide variety of timely, important or controversial topics related to perioperative, critical care, and pain medicine. Opinions should be well focused, scholarly, and clearly presented and must have no more than 5 authors. The text is limited to 1800 words, and usually with one figure or table. There is a maximum of 20 references.

Article Type: For Authors

Declaration of Interests

All authors have no financial support or potential conflicts of interest for this work.


This is an open-access article, published by IJAHSS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format for any lawful purpose. To view a copy of this license, visit

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